Why did I get it?
Although PFPS can occur in any individual or age group, it is most commonly seen in young, active women. Most patients who present with the condition generally have one or more of the following risk factors:
- Pronated foot type
- Flexible knees (too much movement)
- Poor hamstring & quad strength
- Knocked knees
- High levels of physical activity
How is it diagnosed?
As mentioned above, the diagnosis of PFPS is secondary to the exclusion of other pathologies. A thorough clinical examination is generally sufficient however you may be referred for imaging of the knee to assist in the diagnosis.
- Rest, Ice, Anti-inflammatories
- Mobilization of the joint
- Strengthening program
- Custom Orthotics
- Footwear advice
- Patella Bracing
- Release of lateral muscles
Providing absolute compliance, the majority of patients respond well to the conservative treatments listed above. Recent studies have shown that PFPS is associated with knee Osteoarthritis in later life, therefore immediate treatment is imperative. Once pain levels have improved, patients with the above risk factors must continue on a preventative strengthening program to avoid a reoccurrence. Surgery is very rarely recommended.